A Division Bench of the Supreme Court has issued notice to the Central Government, the Governments of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Election Commission of India on a writ petition seeking to invoke Section 26 of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014. For the number of seats in the Legislative Assemblies of the successor states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The court, in its order last week, had sought reply on the petition.
and how many seats
The petition called for increasing the assembly seats in Andhra Pradesh from 175 to 225 and in Telangana from 119 to 153.
The next delimitation exercise – the process through which new constituent boundaries are drawn, determined by the census – is to be conducted in 2026 to redraw the constituency boundaries. Article 170 of the Constitution states, “The Legislative Assembly of every State shall consist of not more than five hundred and not less than sixty members elected by direct election from the territorial constituencies in the State.
a gradual change
* 142 constituencies in Hyderabad State: In 1951, when the first assembly elections were held in the erstwhile state of Hyderabad, the Congress won under the leadership of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy. At that time there were 142 assembly seats in the state.
* 167 constituencies in the state of Andhra: Bezwada Gopal Reddy of Congress became the CM in the 1955 election.
* 85 Constituencies: In the 1957 Joint Legislative Assembly elections, there were 85 seats as members of the first assembly (1955-’62), who were allowed a seven-year term in 1955. Reddy emerged victorious in the election.
* 300 constituencies: In the 1962 elections, the first contest with all constituents, Reddy won again, with the Congress winning 177 out of 300 seats.
* 294 seats: At the time of bifurcation in 2014, Andhra Pradesh had 294 assembly constituencies.